History as a subject is taught in the schools to make the students aware of the past. It is a part of social science up to class 10 in schools. The NCERT book prescribed by the CBSE covers all the important historical evidence of the past. The ncert class 12 history book is well sought by all the student. The book helps not only in the school examination but also in various examinations held across the country. History books in the school are divided into ancient, medieval and modern categories. According to Oxford dictionary, history is a continuous, typically chronological record of important or public events or of a particular trend or institution.
Studying history enriches the mind and makes us inquisitive to know about the past. Historically speaking India was considered as the Golden Bird of the World. Mark Twain once said, "India is the cradle of human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great-grandmother of tradition. Our most valuable and most attractive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only! " . India is one of the oldest civilization in the world. The two well-known civilization site has been excavated here namely Harappa and Mohenjodaro.
According to Encyclopaedia Britannica, Indus civilization, also called Indus valley civilization or Harappan civilization, the earliest known urban culture of the Indian subcontinent. The nuclear dates of the civilization appear to be about 2500–1700 BCE, though the southern sites may have lasted later into the 2nd-millennium BCE. The civilization was first identified in 1921 at Harappa in the Punjab region and then in 1922 at Mohenjo-Daro (Mohenjodaro), near the Indus River in the Sindh (Sind) region. Both sites are in present-day Pakistan, in Punjab and Sindh provinces, respectively. The ruins of Mohenjo-Daro were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980.
India has tortuous history too, first by the Muslim Invaders and then by the British Colonialist. India was under the subjugation of Muslim rulers and the queen of England. Mughals were the popular Muslim ruler of India. Their imprints can be seen largely in the national capital of India. According to Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India, the name, 'Mughal' is derived from the original homelands of the Timurids of the Central Asian Steppes, an area once conquered by Genghis Khan which was named 'Moghulistan' or 'Land of Mongols'. The Mughal Emperors attained great power in India from 1526 to 1757. They lived surrounded by incredible opulence, created magnificent Architecture and developed Arts and Culture. They controlled all of what is now India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan. The Empire survived in a diluted form, for another hundred years, until 1858 when there was a British presence and the Mughal Empire was absorbed into the Raj.
The British colonial history was another very significant event that has been described neatly in the history textbooks of the school.